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Dicotyledons - Plants Slideshow

Dicotyledon species of flowering plants

Looking at the Magnoliopsida class can be a little overwhelming. There are about 200,000 living species and still many to discover. This class is home to the group of flowering plants called dicots. These plants have flowers and seeds with two cotyledons. There are divisions within the larger group that are based on larger plant structure and the shape of the pollen.

Compared to monocots, there are many more species of dicots across the planet. They are found on land and in the water. They also have a variety of shapes. The smallest dicots are smaller than an inch while the largest include eucalyptus trees at over 100 feet.

The dicot flowers have petals with sets of four and five. They also have more complex leaves than the parallel-veined monocots. The leaf complexity is known as reticulation. Even the stems of dicots are different. If you look at a cross section of a dicot stem, you will see that the vascular tissue forms rings around the center.

Image Credit: Andrew Rader Studios

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